Eye contact during discussions–often long and direct–is important. While it is essential to the coexistence of the human race, communication is the one thing that is common amongst people of all cultures. In an effort to contextualize and be mindful of a complex mindset and worldview, here are a few African cultural values to be aware of when traveling in Africa! However, nonverbal communication is highly influenced by cultural differences as the context of the culture defines how the message is interpreted. Al) (2010), p. 98)
18. Eye Contact . time is spent communicating either verbally or non-verbally, which indicates importance for exploration, Oral and Nonverbal Communication in the UAE (Dubai) On the other hand, in many Middle Eastern cultures, intense eye contact between those of the same gender—especially between men—can mean “I am telling you the truth! Personal space is the physical space that immediately surrounds someone. Patterns of eye contact are different across cultures. There are around 4.4 million people in the country, with only 15--20% of them being citizens and 96% being Muslims. Be aware of appearing to be in a hurry when you are among Arabs. “Nonverbal communication is a key component to the steps of interaction, and many people, Nonverbal communication includes all intentional and unintentional stimuli between communicating parties. This essay will analyse several types of nonverbal communication, Running head: COMMUNICATION Certainly, there are many non-verbal cues that have completely different meanings in different cultures. Western cultures mostly consider eye contact to be a good gesture. Hofstede’s analysis of the United Arab Emirates indicates that religion (Islam) plays an important role in people’s lives. Communication Left hand is for toilet functions. 12. Learn about the cultural differences regarding flirting and how different gestures and actions are interpreted in different countries and cultures. Nonverbal communication describes the way people send and receive information to each other beyond words. Cleveland State University Saudis are generally friendly and sociable. “Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact to shows interest and assist with understanding the truthfulness of the other person” Through all the research I found a particularly odd body language. The Cultural Atlas aims to inform and educate the public in cross-cultural attitudes, practices, norms, behaviours, communications and business skills--Related Terms ... South Africans tend to maintain steady eye contact throughout the duration of a conversation. ¾ Do not try and engage a woman in conversation unless you have been formally introduced. Understanding differences in non-verbal communication is a vital part of building cross-cultural relationships. University of Phoenix As discussed above, in Saudi Arabia there is a high degree of paralanguage as seen in the culture's flowery speech, verbose expressions and high-volume talking. According to Dr. Charles Tidwell, the concept serves a number of functions: 1. Some Americans feel uncomfortable with the "gaze" that is sometimes associated with Arab or Indian communication patterns. It is meant to challenge the other person and is … Lower the gaze, limit eye contact, and obviously do not exchange admiring glances. Nonverbal is a message that is sent from one person to another which does not include words, but body motions (Farb, 2017, textbook chapter 8, pg. I am genuine in what I say!” Try to observe the eye contact between those of the same gender to see if it is important to meet someone’s gaze when you want to tell them, “Trust me! To accentthe meaning of verbal messages (such as pointing while stating directions) 2. 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I’m sincere!”, In many Asian, African and Latin American cultures, extended eye contact can be taken as an affront or a challenge of authority. Another example would be waving at another person in another car who let you in their lane during heavy traffic, as a means of saying thank you. (A person who doesn’t reciprocate is seen as untrustworthy) TOUCH (HAPTICS) • Typically don’t touch with the left hand. Eye contact during discussions is often long and direct. For example, if a Japanese woman avoids looking someone in the eyes, she is not showing a lack of interest nor is she demonstrating a lack of self-confidence; instead, she is being polite, respectful and appropriate according to her culture. Appearing to be in a hurry while meeting with an Arab is considered offensive. Eye contact is a method of communication.A quick glance sends a different message than a cold stare, but both are forms of making eye contact. African Cultural Values – Democratic Republic of Congo. When you don’t know the local language, body language can be a helpful way to understand what is going on.Traveling to an Arab country can definitely be colorful because of the enormous amount of gesticulation that Arabs do while talking. 6. ... be prepared for a close Arab friend to embrace you; it is common for men to hug and kiss one another on the cheeks. One of the most important means of nonverbal communication in any culture is eye contact—or lack thereof. 1. Eye contact in Arab culture is different is than Western eye contract. unpretentious hello are all forms of communication. This is purer for them. -Peter F.Drucker In the Arab world, non … However, after taking this class it is quite clear to me that communication is not just verbal communication but nonverbal as well. In the U.S., people often avoid eye contact in crowded impersonal public situations—such as while walking through a busy downtown or riding public transportation. For instance, if a guy keeps touching a girl, this will not be taken as a sign of a friendly affection. — believe it shows interest and helps them understand truthfulness of the other person. 4. A better way is to look into their eyes briefly every so often and then look away (perhaps at the collar, or an imaginary spot on the side) at the same time tilting the head and/or nodding now and then to show interest in the conversation. A “superior” may be someone who is older or someone who holds a higher position of authority. A better way is to look into their eyes briefly every so often and then look away (perhaps at the collar, or an imaginary spot on the side) at the same time tilting the head and/or nodding now and then to show interest in the conversation. Eye contact is both less common and less appropriate. That basically means how are you? The laws of the Muslim religion impact eye contact. Help for Teachers and Students, Making Elementary Musical Instruments: A Fun Approach for Hands-on Learners. As you can see, it is vital to know what eye contact communicates before you visit a new culture. In many Asian cultures, avoiding eye contact is seen as a sign of respect. Long eye contact at women is considered rude. Whether or not eye contact is made, who makes it and how long it lasts vary tremendously in meaning. It may include gestures, kinesics, haptics and other means, which a person incorporates into the communication process. Never point at a person. Here, if you have good eye contact with a person, it generally signifies that you are interested in the person you are looking at and in what that person is saying. After taking this course, I have become able to understand the nonverbal aspects in each and every communication, I use to encounter with or actions I use to see or experience. Allah tells us in the Quran, “Tell the believing men that they should lower their gazes and guard their chastity. Eye Contact: Maintaining eye contact when talking might make Muslim women and the elderly uncomfortable. Be aware of appearing to be in a hurry when you are among Arabs. School of Communication Before you travel, you would do well to go to your local public library or bookstore and check out or browse a book about the culture of the country you plan to visit. Lower the gaze, limit eye contact, and obviously do not exchange admiring glances. Long handshakes, grasped elbows, and walking hand in hand by two males is common place in the Arab world. Islam is the official and majority religion, Nonverbal communication has always played an important role in the entire communication process. EYE CONTACT • Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact. [caption id="attachment_130596” align="aligncenter” width="640”] Eye contact means different things in different cultures[/caption]. Other cultures such as Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and Native American do not take it as a good expression. Although most nurses are taught to maintain eye contact when speaking with patients, people from some cultural backgrounds may prefer you don't. To regulateinteractions with others (such as using nonverbal cues to indicate when people should and should not speak) 4. Many Asian cultures do not practice the whole "eye contact" deal. However, older South Africans may avert their eyes to show respect to authority. ¾ Do not stare at women or maintain eye contact. They should be aware, however, that returning eye contact will be considered the same as saying, “Yes, I’m interested!” So when in the Middle East, care should be taken in making eye contact with anyone of the opposite gender. Handshakes are common greetings and farewells. This loyalty influences all aspects of an Arab’s life. The way in which people communicate is as varied as the languages spoken throughout the world. In the Chinese culture, information and nonverbal cues are communicated through the eyes rather than through expressive smiles or frowns which Western cultures and Americans use to communicate. If another person gets into this physical space, the owner will feel uncomfortable or threatened. Arabs don’t have rigid schedules. From the Atlantic Ocean to the Persian Gulf, from Mediterranean Sea to the Sahara Desert and stretches to the Arab peninsula narrates the story of Middle East and North Africa’s culture. Yet eye contact also has more flirtatious aspects than it does in the U.S. So in many of these cultures, you should take care what kind of eye contact you initiate with those who are your social superiors or who are in authority over you, so that you are not considered disrespectful or overly bold. (RT Moran, 2014) state that 75% of managers? People cannot just exchange a few words, there must be an understanding and acceptance of these variations or there will be a breakdown in the communication process. If you look down or away from a person rather than meeting his or her gaze, you are considered to be distracted or uninterested in him or her. Due to that, it has a crucial role in improving organization communication between managers and coworkers. They are well-travelled and the majority of those with professional and administrative jobs had their education abroad. This is what it includes “eye contact, touch and vocal qualities; and the use of time, space, artifacts, dress, and smell” (Farb, 2017, textbook chapter 8, pg. 2. 3. 1. 1. It shows attentiveness, confidence and honesty. Ruzan Abu Sadah This course lets me understood that nonverbal communication covers several, The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn?t said. 12. These acts make the communication process more effective and meaningful. In Africa, actions speak louder than words, especially if there is a barrier between languages. So, in summary, making eye contact is generally considered a good thing in the United States. Ruzan Abu Sadah ¾ Do not ask an Arab questions about his wife or other female members of his family. If you look down or away from a person rather than meeting his or her gaze, you are considered to be distracted or uninterested in him or her. 10 FAMILY • The family is the key social unit to an Arab. A Muslim woman may avoid eye contact with men because she was taught that eye contact is impolite and unacceptable. In fact, your strong gaze may be interpreted as a sign of disrespect among Asian, American Indian, Indo-Chinese, Arab, and Appalachian patients who feel that direct eye contact is impolite or … Whitehouse Construction Inc has suffered loss in the past due to lack of appreciation about the European culture and their way of doing business. In a country like France, however, a stranger may feel quite free to look at someone he is interested in and try to acknowledge his interest by making eye contact. Direct eye contact is acceptable between members of the same gender, and indirect to no eye contact is best for between genders. SOC/110 23) Put 'er there pal (handshakes and greetings) Also, if you neglect to make eye contact with a person, you may be thought to lack self-c… Some of the nonverbal communication differences in different cultural are: Eye Contact. Due to that, it has a crucial role in improving organization communication between managers and coworkers. On the one hand, the European customs of eye contact—especially in such countries as Spain, France and Germany—tends to be similar to that in the United States. Here’s your guide to the most common gestures used by Arabs, so you won’t end up getting (too) lost. Due to the UAE 's high standard of living and growth in trade, many people from all around the world come to the UAE striving for a better life and jobs that pay well. Questions such as : where are yo… 1. Eye contact Although most nurses are taught to maintain eye contact when speaking with patients, people from some cultural backgrounds may prefer you don't. Not all communication is language-based; people also convey what they’re thinking using gestures, eye contact, and facial expressions. -Peter F.Drucker Ken West Eye contact is also a culturally determined behavior. When you don’t know the local language, body language can be a helpful way to understand what is going on.Traveling to an Arab country can definitely be colorful because of the enormous amount of gesticulation that Arabs do while talking. For Americans, this style of eye contact is too intense. Feb 17, 2010 Grip lightly and bow slightly. Nonverbal communication is one of the most paradoxical areas of personal and organizational life. Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. The company is concerned that the differences in cultures of the West and the Arab nations may be challenging in this project. Cleveland State University Eye contact. There has been a long running debate as to whether body language signals and their meanings are culturally determined or whether such cues are innate and thus universal. Strong eye contact indicates sincerity and trust, especially in business. Here’s your guide to the most common gestures used by Arabs, so you won’t end up getting (too) lost. Although people use different avenues to express their thoughts and ideas, intercultural communication can be misconstrued when learning, various other nonverbal cues have long been recognized as being of great importance to the facilitation of communication. This is purer for them. However, it is also true that direct and prolonged eye contact is avoided in China. Such as if you are greeting a woman in a conservative Muslim culture in the Middle East, or when your Japanese business contact greets you with a bow! Depending on the culture, setting, and person, the message you think you are sending with nonverbal … Iranians, for example, avoid it at all cost, often looking down and away from the person in front of you. The Chinese people view eye contact as a necessary tool, but not in the same way that other cultures do. Only the briefest glance – if any – is permitted between men and women. Not all communication is language-based; people also convey what they’re thinking using gestures, eye contact, and facial expressions. Teamwork, Collaboration, and Conflict Resolution For example, during a business appointment or social visit with an Arab, do not look at your watch or otherwise act as if you have little time to talk. Eye contact—which simply denotes one person looking directly at another person’s eyes—seems to have strong implications in almost every culture, although what these implications are vary extensively across the globe! This is shown in the interactions between men and women, people of different, Every culture has a different way in communicating with one another, when no one is speaking. 256). According to traditional Chinese culture, there should be less physical contact and touch even among the same sex. Eye contact during discussions is often long and direct. However, those in Latin and North America consider eye contact important for conveying equality among individuals. Eye contact during discussions–often long and direct–is important. 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