John McKenzie has stated: “In the ancient Near East the existence of divine beings was universally accepted without questions. The OldContinue Reading [22], Latter-day Saints interpret Jesus' prayer in John 17:11, "Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are" to refer to the characteristics, attributes and purpose that the Son shares with the Father in the hope that people can someday share in those as well. Monotheism and Polytheism in Ancient Israel (Appendix from The Bodies of God and the World of Ancient Israel) This does not mean one as in one of a pair, nor one like a species (which encompasses many individuals), nor one as in an object that is made up of many elements, nor as a single simple object that is infinitely divisible. The term monolatry has a connected but different sense; it refers to the worship of one god as supreme and sole object of the worship of a group while not denying the existence of deities belonging to other groups. WIT Talmidim – Adulterous Israel – Polytheism, Henotheism, and Monolatry in the ANE. Aten was addressed by Akhenaten in prayers, such as the Great Hymn to the Aten. For the majority this was a small wattle-and-daub or baked clay and straw brick house in a village constructed around a spring or well. The Incredible Bible - First in the BKA Series. Under Akhenaten’s successors, Egypt reverted to its traditional religion, and Akhenaten himself came to be reviled as a heretic. 12 Then said He unto me: 'Son of man, hast thou seen what the elders of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in his chambers of imagery? ancient Israel: P. M. McNutt, Reconstructing the society of ancient Israel (Louisville, Ky.: ... of the one and only God” (OED). justice to the full description of Israel’s view of God and the heavenly host in the Hebrew Bible. In his Second Epistle to the Corinthians, Paul refers to “the god of this world” (2 Corinthians 4:4), which the eighteenth-century theologian John Gill interpreted as a reference to Satan or the material things put before God, such as money, rather than acknowledging any separate deity from God. In Mormonism, being one with God means gaining immortality, perfection, eternal life, and the highest level in his kingdom. 15 Then said He unto me: 'Hast thou seen this, O son of man? The problem in understanding religions in antiquity is not that they did not believe in things or that they lacked faith in the gods and goddesses. The only question is whether there are parts of the bible itself that support monolatry I.E. Scribal Tools in Ancient Israel. 6 Die Aussprache des Gottesnamens in alttestamentlicher Zeit kann trotz einzelner Fragen im Detail (eventuell etwas abweichender Auslaut, etwa Jahwäh) als gesichert gelten. The term “monolatry” was perhaps first used by Julius Wellhausen. On: 2017/07/21. In Canaan, Abraham and then his son Isaac and then his son Jacob (Israel) established the culture of the Hebrews (literally “wanderers”). He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever. Another element of polytheism comes from the dividing of the nations. [19], The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) teaches that God the Father, Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost are three distinct beings belonging to one Godhead: "All three are united in their thoughts, actions, and purpose, with each having a fullness of knowledge, truth, and power. One of my students wrote that monotheism begins with Genesis 1:1: “In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth.” In his view, since God created everything, then Israel was called to believe in … He argues in verse 5 that "for though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth", "but to us there is but one God". Key features of Atenism included a ban on idols and other images of the Aten, with the exception of a rayed solar disc in which the rays (commonly depicted ending in hands) appear to represent the unseen spirit of Aten. For over 200 years, Israel was divided into two parallel monarchies, until the Northern (non-Davidic) kingdom was exiled by a succession of Assyrian kings. Philip R. Davies (1945–) is a biblical scholar with interests in early Judaism, ancient Israel, and the Dead Sea Scrolls.He earned degrees from Oxford University and the University of St. Andrews. In polytheism: The nature of polytheism. Amenhotep IV officially changed his name to “Akhenaten” (Agreeable to the Aten) as evidence of his new worship. We believe Them to be filled with the same godly sense of mercy and love, justice and grace, patience, forgiveness, and redemption. He uses various evidences to help the readers understand how this society gradually went from polytheism to monotheism. … The question was not whether there is only one elohim, but whether there is any elohim like Yahweh.”, Some scholars claim the Torah (Pentateuch) shows evidence of monolatry in some passages. Exodus 20:3 reads, “Thou shalt have no other gods before me”, (לא יהיה־לך אלהים אחרים על־פני). John McKenzie has stated: “In the ancient Near East the existence of divine beings was universally accepted without questions. 9 And He said unto me: 'Go in, and see the wicked abominations that they do here.' See more. However, some of the... ... [Trackback] [...] Find More Informations here: [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: [...]. Antonyms for monolatry. A similar statement occurs in Maimonides‘ Thirteen Principles of Faith’s second principle: God, the Cause of all, is one. The modern concept of monotheism also assumes two other concepts, that of 'belief' and 'faith.' Sculpture in Ancient Israel. Synonyms for monolatry in Free Thesaurus. Monolatrous views can be seen in places within the Bible, and may have been the view of at least some Israelites when the worship of Yahweh was the state religion of Israel and Judah during the Iron Age. In his ninth year of rule (1344–1342 BCE), Akhenaten declared a more radical version of his new religion, declaring Aten not merely the supreme god of the Egyptian pantheon but the only god of Egypt, with himself as the sole intermediary between the Aten and the Egyptian people. In addition to constructing a new capital in honor of Aten, Akhenaten also oversaw the construction of some of the most massive temple complexes of ancient Egypt, including one at Karnak and one at Thebes, close to the old temple of Amun. Monolatry is all over the text of the Old Testament. This practice of worshipping a single god out of a pantheon is sometimes referred to as "monolatry". Under Akhenaten's successors, Egypt reverted to its traditional religion, and Akhenaten himself came to be reviled as a heretic. As D. Todd Christofferson states, “we may become one with God” as Jesus did. This has to do with the idea of God in the Old Testament, an idea that there are many gods in the world of the Ancient Near East, but only one god is worth your time to worship! Joseph Smith taught that humans can become joint-heirs with Christ and thereby inherit from God all that Christ inherits if they are proven worthy by following the laws and ordinances of the gospel. The Ten Commandments have been interpreted by some as evidence that the Israelites originally practiced monolatry. John L. McKenzie, "Aspects of Old Testament Thought" in Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, and Roland E. Murphy, eds.. Raymond F. Collins, "Ten Commandments," in David Noel Freedman, ed., Zvi D. Bar-Kochba, "Monolatrism or Monotheism in the Book of Exodus" (Chicago, 1996) p. 2, Magic and Witchcraft in the Ancient Near East, "1 Corinthians 8:5b, in the NKJV and several versions", "The Only True God and Jesus Christ Whom He Hath Sent", "Of Simplicity, Oversimplification, and Monotheism",, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 15:51. All Rights Reserved. Paul distinguishes between gods that have no authority or have a lesser authority, "as there be gods many, and lords many", and the one God who has universal authority, "one God, the Father, of whom are all things" and "one Lord, Jesus Christ, of whom are all things". In short, ancient Israel's Yahwistic monolatry is inevitable and completely turns topsy-turvy the traditional assumption that Yahweh was revealed to Israel as the only god that exists. critical consensus since the late nineteenth century holds that Israel’s faith evolved from polytheism or henotheism to monotheism. Bruce R. McConkie stated that “if [monotheism] is properly interpreted to mean that the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost—each of whom is a separate and distinct godly personage—are one God, meaning one Godhead, then true saints are monotheists.”, Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Statements From The Torah Regarding The Transient Nature Of This World, Tawakkul, Taslim, Tafwiz, and Thiqa (Reliance, Surrender, Commitment, and Confidence), Why Worldly Pleasure Included In Paradise, Rejection of Evolution by Religious Groups. 'Faith. temperate climate evidence that the ancient Near East the existence divine. Michael Heiser on monotheism and polytheism in ancient Israel originally practiced monolatry on the other hand, medieval scholars... Single Godhead are united in purpose, in testimony, in mission view and a. Of man and straw brick house in a village constructed around a spring well! Day Saints, and live forever me ”, ( לא יהיה־לך אלהים אחרים על־פני ) or me not attribute! 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