Botanical name. Milk thistle was a traditional treatment for mushroom poisoning. Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. Homonyms Silybum marianum Gaertn. I am curious about the post relating to the species Silybum marianum stating that ‘marianum refers to the Sierra Morena in southwestern Spain.’ Every source I have seen relates this name to the supposed shedding of milk droplets onto a thistle leaf as the Virgin Mary fed the Christ Child. Teas are not recommended because they will not produce the effective dose. Milk thistle has been investigated for its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and CNS effects. Contraindications: Avoid using in those with possible allergy to Asteraceae family. A.Gray Silybum marianum var. Contact us to report errors. Common Names. The most widespread species is Silybum marianum. Part(s) Used: Seed extract. Flowers are crimson to reddish-violet and grow in solitary globular heads 2 … Topics include, study tips, Botanical Actions, Constituents, Pharmacy, Monographs, Nutrition, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Fiber and much more evidence informed medicine. Common names; Herb: Milk Thistle Latin name: Silybum marianum Synonyms: Carduus marianus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Milk Thistle: Blessed thistle has a long history of use in the West as a … Crushed fruit: 80-200mg TID. Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. Overview Appearance Silybum marianum is an annual or biennial herb that ranges from 2-6 ft. (0.6-1.8 m) in height. 483. Its current distribution includes most temperate areas of the world. & Fourr. Silybum marianum, commonly called blessed thistle or milk thistle, is a rosette-forming biennial that is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa). * Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Mary's Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. Useful information about the plant. Family: Asteraceae Origin: Southern Europe to Asia Height: 1.50 - 2.00 Brightness: Full sun, partly shaded 30 Seeds : U$ 1.98. A.Gray Silybum marianum var. longispinum Lamotte, 1881 Silybum marianum var. Silybum marianum                                  Common name: Milk Thistle, Constituents:  Flavolignans (silymarin complex), flavonoids, volatile oil, bitter principle, mucilage, Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, hepatoprotective & hepatorestorative, galactagogue, demulcent. “An erect annual or biennial herb, … Other Common Names: blessed milkthistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle Weed class: A Year Listed: 1989 Native to: Western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa Is this Weed Toxic? Kommentar zum Europäischen Arzneibuch (Milk thistle fruit, no. Family Name: Compositae. It grows 60 to 150cm high and blossoms from June to September with purple daisy heads, which consist only of tubular flowers. It has been studied for use in allergic rhinitis, asthma, cancer treatment–related adverse effects, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, dyslipidemia, and thalassemia; however clinical trials supporting these uses are limited. Introduction. This book gives top quality content that you will refer to often in class, for board exams & in practice. Originally a … Silybum marianum Common name(s): Milk Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle and others Synonyme(s): Carduus marianus Family: Asteraceae Origin: Africa, Asia, Europe and naturalized … Rarely mild laxative effect and hypersensitive reactions, Wichtl: Teedrogen und Phytopharmaka, pg. Eur. Their thistle-like appearance is due to the outer husks of the blossom, ending in strong, sharp thorny spikes. The plants are native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. Medicinal Herbs Flowering . Restrict human access? The brown-spotted fruit has a shiny white pappus as a vessel of flight. Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. Silybum marianum. The milk thistle is native in southern Europe, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor, and to North Africa and the Canary Islands, and has been introduced in many countries. Milk Thistle Seed is world renowned for … Silybum maculatum (Scop.) This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignans, helps repair liver cells damaged by alcohol and other toxic substances by stimulating protein synthesis. The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. It will increase the production of milk and is safe to use by all breastfeeding mothers. Homonyms Silybum marianum Gaertn. The commercially available drug is derived exclusively from crops, partly in northern Germany, but it is mostly imported, mainly from Argentina and China, Romania and Hungary. to § 109a). Milk thistle was a traditional treatment for mushroom poisoning. The seeds contain 20-30% fixed oil with a high proportion of linoleic acid (ca. Introduction. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. Cardus marianus) Description: Blessed milkthistle is a sparsely branched thistle growing up to 6 feet tall and forming dense stands. It will also aid in gall bladder problems. Silybum marianum Common name: Milk Thistle. Medical uses: Research has shown that it promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them against some poisons. Carduus … “An erect annual or biennial herb, commonly 90 to 180 cm high. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. That's the trouble with common names - they can be applied to more than one plant. Reliably reducing milk thistle (Silybum marianum) to zero density: a treatment model for annual weeds with plastic life cycles. Toxicity: Though rare some adverse effects have been reported (sweating, abdominal cramps, diarrhea). Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum … It grows preferably on sunny, rocky slopes, on fences in the vicinity of houses, train stations and village streets. Scientific Name: Silybum marianum Common name: Variegated thistle Page 1 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Social 1. Stem leaves spiny, stiff and often reflexed; flower heads surrounded by large stiff reflexed bracts ending in sharp spines. Interactions: May increase metabolism of some drugs. (syn. The active ingredient, or liver-protecting compound in milk thistle is known as silymarin. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Its therapeutic properties are due to the presence of silymarin, a mixture of three flavonolignans … The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. Restrict human access? Preferred Scientific Name; Silybum marianum Preferred Common Name; variegated thistle Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness ; S. marianum is a very large and conspicuous thistle, already reported as a highly invasive weed in the 1800s. Plants for a Future. The thistle-like plant grows for a year or two. Silybum leucanthum Jord. Silybum marianum. Categories: Flowers. … MILK THISTLE- SILYBUM MARIANUM. 300 1860; Milk thistle dried extract, no. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Properties. Missouri Botanical Garden. Preferred Scientific Name; Silybum marianum Preferred Common Name; variegated thistle Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; S. marianum … Standardized extract: (80% silymarin), 175-600mg QD. Milk thistle – Silybum marianum is a herb that is used frequently for centuries to help with many diseases. Botanical name. Show All Show Tabs blessed milkthistle General Information; Symbol: SIMA3 Group: Dicot ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. (syn. Common names … 627 Other Common Names: Bull thistle, emetic root, frauendistel, fruit de chardon marie, heal thistle, holy thistle, lady’s thistle, Marian thistle, mariendistel, Mary thistle, … A small but thoughtful selection of some of my favourite herbs for the holidays available for pick up/drop off in Vancouver, or shipment within Canada. They are at the bottom of the stem and along the nerves they are usually spotted and marbled in white. is the most researched plant for the treatment of liver disease. → Advisor, Medicinal herbal preparations in finished drug products, Milk thistle fruits (fructus Silybi Marian), Preset (standardised) purified milk thistle. Blessed milk thistle Gundagai thistle : Holy thistle Lady's thistle Mary's thistle Mary thistle Milk thistle St. Mary's thistle Variegated thistle Silybum marianum: Fruit Seed Dried . 2000; Source Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and … Moench Silybum mariae (Cr.) Milkthistle fruit is the common name for the fruit of the plant Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.. Cardo mariano (Spanish, Mexico, Chiapas) Read more about the prescription drug MILK THISTLE (Silybum marianum) - ORAL. Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation(s) Silybum marianum. Shop now at The Naturopathic Herbalist Holiday Shop! Historically, these milky bands were said to be Mother Mary's milk, and this is the origin of another common name, St. Mary's thistle. Originally a native of Southern Europe through to Asia, it is now cultivated throughout the world for its medicinal and pharmaceutical value. 13 Dec 2020 Contemporary research confirms this use! The common name, Milk Thistle, ... Silybum marianum (PLANTS Database, 12 November 2019). albiflorum Eig Silybum marianum var. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. It is an invasive self-seeder in some locations (Class A noxious weed in the State of Washington). * This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. Common Name: Milk Thistle | Scientific Name: Silybum Marianum. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertner, the blessed milk thistle, which has a large number of other common names, such as variegated thistle. The individual lobes of the stalks including the leaves also end in pointy yellow spines. Moench Silybum mariae (Cr.) 2071), → Medicinal plants Family: Asteraceae. Silybum intermedium Willk. Scientific Name/Common Name: Silybum marianum / Milk Thistle. This gives it a role in any chronic liver disease and especially those due to alcohol, drug, or dietary abuse. This fairly typical thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with Common Names: cardo de la alameda (Spanish, Argentina) Girault. References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common names: USDA 2018, McGuffin et al. Milk Thistle is an annual or biennial herb growing up to 6 feet tall, with coarse, prickly-edged leaves streaked with white veins. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Flickr photos above were identified by the individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS. Silybum marianum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Silybum marianum ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Carduus marianus L.) Family. Mushrooms often kill by … Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Milk thistle for medicinal purposes only comes from crops. Botanical Nomenclature: silybum marianum Common name: silymarin, marian thistle, blessed milk thistle, variegated thistle, Our Lady's thistle, milk thistle, maria thistle. The genus name Silybum comes from the Greek "silibon" (etymologically Syllibon) = tassel. Carduus marianus L.), Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. Other compounds include: taxifolin, quercetin, kaempferol, apigenin, naringin, and others. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s) Table 1. Thats a bit hint as to what this plant does…..it protects the liver from damage. It is common … The most effective and most used part of the herb is its seeds. The origins of Silybum marianum lie in the region of Southern Europe, the Mediterranean and Northern Africa. ): Silymarin and standardised extract preparations: internally as supportive treatment in chronic inflammatory liver diseases and liver cirrhosis, for treatment of toxic liver damage (intravenously). Common Name: SUNFLOWER FAMILY Habit: Annual to tree.Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound.Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling … One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. 1987. The name "milk thistle" derives from a feature of the leaves, which are prominently banded with splashes of white. CalPhotos - … One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. : livestock. Family: Asteraceae. Note: taking with lecithin promotes silymarin absorption, and seeds need to be cracked with any preparation. Created and maintained with love by Dr. Marisa Marciano, ND, The Botanical Medicine Manual is the best multidisciplinary, integrated guide available for students, clinicians & instructors. Milk Thistle Seed is world renowned for centuries because of a natural compound called silymarin found in it. Summers, Tony M. (2012) Other Silybum marianum Information. Prepared drugs: see package insert; & Fourr. Useful … Contents. albiflorum Eig Silybum marianum var. One species has been introduced elsewhere, including in North America. marianum Silybum pygmaeum Cass. This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. blessed milkthistle, blessed milk-thistle, milk thistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle. Milk thistle to support the digestive function in dyspeptic complaints (traditional use acc. Silybum marianum has other common names including cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, … Silybum intermedium Willk. Silybum maculatum (Scop.) The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. Herbal monograph for Milk thistle includes parts used, how to use as an herbal medicine, dosage and contraindications. The quality of the following drugs or drug preparations is specified in the European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. The website also … There is as yet no experience on safety of its use during pregnancy, breast-feeding or in children under 12 years old so do not use without consulting a doctor. Constituents/Active Ingredients: 1.5-3% silymarin, which includes a mixture of several flavonolignans. Silybum marianum Common name(s): Milk Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle and others Synonyme(s): Carduus marianus Family: Asteraceae Origin: Africa, Asia, … Consumer information about the medication MILK THISTLE (Silybum marianum) - ORAL, includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Gallery: Common names: blessed milkthistle, milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary’s thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle Scientific Name: Silybum marianum (Syn. (syn. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. The Milk Thistle tablets I have seen actually come with a warning not to use if you are pregnant or breast feeding. Carduus marianus L.) Family. Other Common Names: blessed milkthistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle Weed class: A Year Listed: 1989 Native to: Western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa … Daisy family (Asteraceae) Common name. → Glossary 174 Common Name(s): blessed milkthistle [English] blessed milk-thistle [English] spotted thistle [English] variegated thistle [English] ... Silybum marianum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Silybum marianum Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Schilcher: Leitfaden Phytotherapie, pg. Milk thistle is a genus of two species of thistles in the daisy family. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Botanical Name: Silybum marianum. Recent research has confirmed that it has a remarkable ability to protect the liver from damage resulting from alcoholic and other types of poisoning. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. - widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North Africa from Norway and the Canary Islands to China and Maluku; naturalized in Australia, New … marianum Silybum pygmaeum Cass. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Infusion: 1/2 tsp/cup, infuse 15 min, 1/2 cup TID. Milk thistle fruits contain Flavolignane (silymarin) and fatty oil. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. longispinum Lamotte, 1881 Silybum marianum var. The ripe fruit freed by the pappus is used. This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignans, helps repair liver cells … Milk thistle, Silybum marianum. Scientific Name: Silybum marianum Common name: Variegated thistle Page 1 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Social 1. Plants for a Future Database: Silybum marianum … (Syn. Common Names: Milk Thistle Seeds Milk Thistle Seeds also known by their scientific name, Silybum marianum, are truly a one of a kind herb. Pharmacy: Tincture: (1:1, 60%), 5-10ml QD. Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum (milk thistle). (15.2-71.1 cm) long with spiny margins. The HMPC conclusions only cover milkthistle fruit preparations that are obtained by drying and comminuting (reducing into tiny pieces) or powdering the fruit or putting the plant material in a solvent (acetone, ethanol, ethyl acetate or methanol) to dissolve compounds and form a liquid extract. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Intensive scientific research have been carried out in Germany and in the United States, have confirmed the therapeutic effectiveness of Milk thistle – Silybum … Silybum leucanthum Jord. Gaertn.) Silybum marianum is sometimes known as Blessed Thistle. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. Common names; Herb: Milk Thistle Latin name: Silybum marianum Synonyms: Carduus marianus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Milk Thistle: Blessed thistle has a long history of use in the West as a remedy for depression and liver problems. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Daisy family (Asteraceae) Common name. Family: Asteraceae Part used: Fruit/Seed Constituents: Flavolignans (silymarin complex), flavonoids, volatile oil, bitter principle, mucilage Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, hepatoprotective & hepatorestorative, galactagogue, demulcent Medical uses: Research has shown that it promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them … 1996-2012. Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. Family Name: Compositae. 60%) and oleic acid (ca. Mushrooms often kill by killing your liver. Common Name: Milk Thistle | Scientific Name: Silybum Marianum. Milk thistle preparations must be avoided in any form by people who have existing allergies to milk thistle. Legal listings: This plant is also on the Washington State quarantine list. Basal leaves are 6-28 in. Van Wyk: Handbuch der Arzneipflanzen, pg. Foliage Leaves have shiny, green upper surfaces and are noticeably variegated with white markings. Common name: Blessed milkthistle, Milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary’s thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, Variegated thistle Scientific Name: Silybum marianum. Cost is $39.95. It has naturalized in parts of Europe, North America, South America, Australia and New Zealand. Resources. In a Nutshell: * Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Mary's Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle… The active ingredient, or liver-protecting compound in milk thistle is known as silymarin. Milk Thistle Seeds also known by their scientific name, Silybum marianum, are truly a one of a kind herb. Variegated thistle is very competitive in pastures and, … Latin Name: Silybum marianum Common Names: Milk Thistle Seeds. 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